API Usage

This section describes usage of the rocFFT library API.

Types

There are a few data structures that are internal to the library. The pointer types to these structures are given below. The user would need to use these types to create handles and pass them between different library functions.

typedef struct rocfft_plan_t *rocfft_plan

Pointer type to plan structure.

This type is used to declare a plan handle that can be initialized with rocfft_plan_create.

typedef struct rocfft_plan_description_t *rocfft_plan_description

Pointer type to plan description structure.

This type is used to declare a plan description handle that can be initialized with rocfft_plan_description_create.

typedef struct rocfft_execution_info_t *rocfft_execution_info

Pointer type to execution info structure.

This type is used to declare an execution info handle that can be initialized with rocfft_execution_info_create.

Library Setup and Cleanup

The following functions deal with initialization and cleanup of the library.

rocfft_status rocfft_setup()

Library setup function, called once in program before start of library use.

rocfft_status rocfft_cleanup()

Library cleanup function, called once in program after end of library use.

Plan

The following functions are used to create and destroy plan objects.

rocfft_status rocfft_plan_create(rocfft_plan *plan, rocfft_result_placement placement, rocfft_transform_type transform_type, rocfft_precision precision, size_t dimensions, const size_t *lengths, size_t number_of_transforms, const rocfft_plan_description description)

Create an FFT plan.

This API creates a plan, which the user can execute subsequently. This function takes many of the fundamental parameters needed to specify a transform.

The dimensions parameter can take a value of 1, 2, or 3. The ‘lengths’ array specifies the size of data in each dimension. Note that lengths[0] is the size of the innermost dimension, lengths[1] is the next higher dimension and so on (column-major ordering).

The ‘number_of_transforms’ parameter specifies how many transforms (of the same kind) needs to be computed. By specifying a value greater than 1, a batch of transforms can be computed with a single API call.

Additionally, a handle to a plan description can be passed for more detailed transforms. For simple transforms, this parameter can be set to NULL.

The plan must be destroyed with a call to rocfft_plan_destroy.

Parameters
  • plan[out] plan handle

  • placement[in] placement of result

  • transform_type[in] type of transform

  • precision[in] precision

  • dimensions[in] dimensions

  • lengths[in] dimensions-sized array of transform lengths

  • number_of_transforms[in] number of transforms

  • description[in] description handle created by rocfft_plan_description_create; can be NULL for simple transforms

rocfft_status rocfft_plan_destroy(rocfft_plan plan)

Destroy an FFT plan.

This API frees the plan after it is no longer needed.

Parameters

plan[in] plan handle

The following functions are used to query for information after a plan is created.

rocfft_status rocfft_plan_get_work_buffer_size(const rocfft_plan plan, size_t *size_in_bytes)

Get work buffer size.

Get the work buffer size required for a plan.

Parameters
  • plan[in] plan handle

  • size_in_bytes[out] size of needed work buffer in bytes

rocfft_status rocfft_plan_get_print(const rocfft_plan plan)

Print all plan information.

Prints plan details to stdout, to aid debugging

Parameters

plan[in] plan handle

Plan description

Most of the time, rocfft_plan_create() is able to fully specify a transform. Advanced plan details such as strides and offsets require creation of a plan description object, which is configured and passed to the rocfft_plan_create() function.

The plan description object can be safely destroyed after it is given to the rocfft_plan_create() function.

rocfft_status rocfft_plan_description_create(rocfft_plan_description *description)

Create plan description.

This API creates a plan description with which the user can set extra plan properties. The plan description must be freed with a call to rocfft_plan_description_destroy.

Parameters

description[out] plan description handle

rocfft_status rocfft_plan_description_destroy(rocfft_plan_description description)

Destroy a plan description.

This API frees the plan description. A plan description can be freed any time after it is passed to rocfft_plan_create.

Parameters

description[in] plan description handle

rocfft_status rocfft_plan_description_set_data_layout(rocfft_plan_description description, const rocfft_array_type in_array_type, const rocfft_array_type out_array_type, const size_t *in_offsets, const size_t *out_offsets, const size_t in_strides_size, const size_t *in_strides, const size_t in_distance, const size_t out_strides_size, const size_t *out_strides, const size_t out_distance)

Set advanced data layout parameters on a plan description.

This API specifies advanced layout of input/output buffers for a plan description.

The following parameters are supported for inputs and outputs:

  • Array type (real, hermitian, or complex data, in either interleaved or planar format).

    • Real forward transforms require real input and hermitian output.

    • Real inverse transforms require hermitian input and real output.

    • Complex transforms require complex input and output.

    • Hermitian and complex data defaults to interleaved if a specific format is not specified.

  • Offset of first data element in the data buffer. Defaults to 0 if unspecified.

  • Stride between consecutive elements in each dimension. Defaults to contiguous data in all dimensions if unspecified.

  • Distance between consecutive batches. Defaults to contiguous batches if unspecified.

Not all combinations of array types are supported and error codes will be returned for unsupported cases.

Parameters
  • description[inout] description handle

  • in_array_type[in] array type of input buffer

  • out_array_type[in] array type of output buffer

  • in_offsets[in] offsets, in element units, to start of data in input buffer

  • out_offsets[in] offsets, in element units, to start of data in output buffer

  • in_strides_size[in] size of in_strides array (must be equal to transform dimensions)

  • in_strides[in] array of strides, in each dimension, of input buffer; if set to null ptr library chooses defaults

  • in_distance[in] distance between start of each data instance in input buffer

  • out_strides_size[in] size of out_strides array (must be equal to transform dimensions)

  • out_strides[in] array of strides, in each dimension, of output buffer; if set to null ptr library chooses defaults

  • out_distance[in] distance between start of each data instance in output buffer

Execution

After a plan has been created, it can be executed using the rocfft_execute() function, to compute a transform on specified data. Aspects of the execution can be controlled and any useful information returned to the user.

rocfft_status rocfft_execute(const rocfft_plan plan, void *in_buffer[], void *out_buffer[], rocfft_execution_info info)

Execute an FFT plan.

This API executes an FFT plan on buffers given by the user.

If the transform is in-place, only the input buffer is needed and the output buffer parameter can be set to NULL. For not in-place transforms, output buffers have to be specified.

Input and output buffer are arrays of pointers. Interleaved array formats are the default, and require just one pointer per input or output buffer. Planar array formats require two pointers per input or output buffer - real and imaginary pointers, in that order.

Note that input buffers may still be overwritten during execution of a transform, even if the transform is not in-place.

The final parameter in this function is a rocfft_execution_info handle. This optional parameter serves as a way for the user to control execution streams and work buffers.

Parameters
  • plan[in] plan handle

  • in_buffer[inout] array (of size 1 for interleaved data, of size 2 for planar data) of input buffers

  • out_buffer[inout] array (of size 1 for interleaved data, of size 2 for planar data) of output buffers, ignored for in-place transforms

  • info[in] execution info handle created by rocfft_execution_info_create

Execution info

rocfft_execute() takes an optional rocfft_execution_info parameter. This parameter encapsulates information such as the work buffer and compute stream for the transform.

rocfft_status rocfft_execution_info_create(rocfft_execution_info *info)

Create execution info.

This API creates an execution info with which the user can control plan execution and work buffers. The execution info must be freed with a call to rocfft_execution_info_destroy.

Parameters

info[out] execution info handle

rocfft_status rocfft_execution_info_destroy(rocfft_execution_info info)

Destroy an execution info.

This API frees the execution info. An execution info object can be freed any time after it is passed to rocfft_execute.

Parameters

info[in] execution info handle

rocfft_status rocfft_execution_info_set_work_buffer(rocfft_execution_info info, void *work_buffer, const size_t size_in_bytes)

Set work buffer in execution info.

This is one of the execution info functions to specify optional additional information to control execution. This API provides a work buffer for the transform. It must be called before rocfft_execute.

When a non-zero value is obtained from rocfft_plan_get_work_buffer_size, that means the library needs a work buffer to compute the transform. In this case, the user should allocate the work buffer and pass it to the library via this API.

If a work buffer is required for the transform but is not specified using this function, rocfft_execute will automatically allocate the required buffer and free it when execution is finished.

Users should allocate their own work buffers if they need precise control over the lifetimes of those buffers, or if multiple plans need to share the same buffer.

Parameters
  • info[in] execution info handle

  • work_buffer[in] work buffer

  • size_in_bytes[in] size of work buffer in bytes

rocfft_status rocfft_execution_info_set_stream(rocfft_execution_info info, void *stream)

Set stream in execution info.

Associates an existing compute stream to a plan. This must be called before the call to rocfft_execute.

Once the association is made, execution of the FFT will run the computation through the specified stream.

The stream must be of type hipStream_t. It is an error to pass the address of a hipStream_t object.

Parameters
  • info[in] execution info handle

  • stream[in] underlying compute stream

Enumerations

This section provides all the enumerations used.

enum rocfft_status

rocFFT status/error codes

Values:

enumerator rocfft_status_success
enumerator rocfft_status_failure
enumerator rocfft_status_invalid_arg_value
enumerator rocfft_status_invalid_dimensions
enumerator rocfft_status_invalid_array_type
enumerator rocfft_status_invalid_strides
enumerator rocfft_status_invalid_distance
enumerator rocfft_status_invalid_offset
enumerator rocfft_status_invalid_work_buffer
enum rocfft_transform_type

Type of transform.

Values:

enumerator rocfft_transform_type_complex_forward
enumerator rocfft_transform_type_complex_inverse
enumerator rocfft_transform_type_real_forward
enumerator rocfft_transform_type_real_inverse
enum rocfft_precision

Precision.

Values:

enumerator rocfft_precision_single
enumerator rocfft_precision_double
enum rocfft_result_placement

Result placement.

Declares where the output of the transform should be placed. Note that input buffers may still be overwritten during execution of a transform, even if the transform is not in-place.

Values:

enumerator rocfft_placement_inplace
enumerator rocfft_placement_notinplace
enum rocfft_array_type

Array type.

Values:

enumerator rocfft_array_type_complex_interleaved
enumerator rocfft_array_type_complex_planar
enumerator rocfft_array_type_real
enumerator rocfft_array_type_hermitian_interleaved
enumerator rocfft_array_type_hermitian_planar
enumerator rocfft_array_type_unset